What is an OSHA 300 Log?

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The Recordkeeping requirements outlined in the OSHA 1904 standard requires businesses to maintain up to date and accurate records regarding workplace injuries and illnesses. Work related injuries and illnesses must be recorded on the OSHA Form 300 Log (“300 Log”).

In addition to maintaining the OSHA 300 Log, businesses must also prepare the OSHA Form 300A Summary at the end of the year. This must be posted at your establishment from February 1 through April 30 following the previous calendar year. Citations for not properly recording injuries or illnesses can bring fines of $750 minimum for noncompliance from OSHA. Employers must record all new cases of work-related fatalities, injuries, and illnesses if they involve:

  • death
  • days away from work
  • restricted work or transfer to another job
  • medical treatment beyond first aid
  • loss of consciousness, or
  • a significant injury or illness diagnosed by a physician or other licensed health care professional.

Each recordable injury or illness case must be recorded on the OSHA 300 Log and the Form 301 Incident Report within seven calendar days after the employer receives notice that the injury or illness occurred.


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